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热刺球迷孙兴慜球衣: 孩子該如何應對科技產品,YouTube的首席執行官為你支招

热刺贝尔 www.gyplwd.com.cn Danielle Abril 2019年05月29日

蘇珊·沃西基告誡父母們不要讓孩子過度地接觸高科技。

圖片來源:Getty Images

對于科技應該在兒童的生活中扮演什么樣的角色,伊瑟·沃西基提出了一個新觀點。她認為科技是一個寶貴的工具,能夠讓孩子廣泛地接觸到各種信息。這個想法對于作為科技界首席執行官蘇珊·沃西基(YouTube)和安妮·沃西基(23andMe)的母親來說倒是在意料之中。然而,作為一位長期的教育工作者,她依然敬告父母們不要讓孩子過度地接觸高科技。

她說:“我們需要做的就是教育孩子如何正確地使用科技,也就是約束與自我約束?!?/p>

在近期于舊金山舉行的《財富》最具影響力的商界女性晚宴上講話時,沃西基提到,教育子女如何應對科技有助于孩子養成成年以后的習慣。如果父母不希望子女對科技上癮的話,他們就得以身作則。

作為新書《如何培養成功人士:小案例,大影響》(How to Raise Successful People: Simple Lessons for Radical Results)的作者,沃西基說:“子女都以父母為榜樣。因此,你也不能在晚飯時接電話,不管這個電話有多么重要?!?/p>

她向父母推薦的一個資源是常識媒體,這是一家非營利性組織,致力于倡導兒童網絡安全,而且連接著不同形式的媒體。該組織打造了一個評級系統,幫助父母篩選橫跨不同媒體的適齡內容。它還獲得了立法支持,以?;ざ腦諳呤?。有意思的是,該機構最近呼吁YouTube和Netflix這類公司刪除宣傳致癮行為的功能。

除了談論對科技的看法之外,沃西基還介紹了她曾經用于灌輸領導價值的一些策略。她在創建帕洛阿爾托高中“媒體藝術”項目,以及撫養蘇珊、安妮和珍妮特·沃西基之時都曾經用過這些策略。三女兒珍妮特是舊金山加州大學的兒科教授。

她的秘訣是什么?賦權。

她對她的學生和女兒們說:“我給予她們的是自由、尊重和信任。我知道我所做的一切奏效了?!?/p>

她在過去幾十年一直說,她使用了TRICK策略為年輕人賦權,這是一個縮語,由信任、尊重、獨立、合作和善良的首字母組成。對了,其中一個賦權的對象還包括好萊塢演員詹姆斯·弗蘭克。就鼓舞處于萌芽狀態的領導者來說,不管你是孩子、學生,還是專業人士,賦權都會帶來巨大的影響力,這一點與是否是孩子、學生或專業人士無關。

她說:“她們在工作中真的很賣力,因為她們知道我很在意,而且我對她們深信不疑。作為家長和老師,我們可以做到這一點?!保ú聘恢形耐?/p>

譯者:馮豐

審校:夏林

Esther Wojcicki has a nuanced view of the role technology should play in children’s lives. As you might expect from the mother of tech CEOs Susan Wojcicki (YouTube) and Anne Wojcicki (23andMe), she sees tech as a valuable tool for making vast amounts of information widely accessible. But, as befits her role as a long-time educator, she still cautions parents against overexposing children to technology.

“What we need to do is teach our children how to use technology appropriately,” she said. “In other words, restraint and self-restraint.”

Speaking at Fortune’s Most Powerful Women dinner in San Francisco recently, Wojcicki said teaching children how to handle technology helps establish habits they’ll carry into adulthood. And if parents don’t want their children to be addicted to tech, they’ll have to lead by example.

“Kids model after their parents,” said Wojcicki, who is the author of the new book How to Raise Successful People: Simple Lessons for Radical Results. “So you can’t answer [your phone] at dinner either, no matter how important that call is.”

One resource she recommended to parents is Common Sense Media, a nonprofit group that advocates for the safety of children online and in connection to different forms of media. The group has created a rating system that helps parents navigate age-appropriate content across different media. It also has backed legislative efforts to protect children’s data online and, interestingly, recently called on companies like YouTube and Netflix to remove features that promote addictive behaviors.

In addition to talking about her views on tech, Wojcicki discussed some of the strategies she’s used to instill leadership values—both as the founder of the Media Arts programs at Palo Alto High School and as mom to Susan, Anne, and Janet Wojcicki, a University of California at San Francisco professor of pediatrics.

Her secret? Empowerment.

“What I was giving them was freedom, respect, and trust,” she said about her students and daughters. “I knew what I was doing worked.”

She says over the last several decades, she has used TRICK—an acronym she uses to describe trust, respect, independence, collaboration, and kindness—to empower young people, which, by the way, includes Hollywood actor James Franco. And empowerment makes all the difference when it comes to inspiring budding leaders, whether that’s children, students, or professionals.

“They work really hard because they know that I care … and that I do believe in them,” she said. “That’s what we can do as parents … as teachers.”

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